is a surgical procedure that aims to reduce the volume of disproportionately large breasts known as breast hypertrophy.
Breast hypertrophy is caused by the excessive development of the mammary gland, which can be traced back to the period of puberty. It is often characterized by sagging breasts because the skin folds under their abnormal weight. In addition, pain in the upper joints and back can cause difficulty in practicing sports and even daily activities. Breast reduction is the second reconstructive surgery performed after
The plastic surgeon will remove excess glandular tissue and refocus the gland breast. The skin will be lifted to give a nicer appearance. It is important to respect of the gland vascularization in breast reduction so that it does not affect sensitivity or any subsequent lactation.
This is why we cannot remove excessive amounts of gland.
WHAT IS THE PRINCIPLE OF BREAST REDUCTION?
The process of breast reduction depends on the volume of glandular tissue to remove. The bigger the volume is, the more important the scar will be. For small volumes ─up to 300 g (about 2 cups)─, the scar is limited to the periphery of the areola and a vertical line that goes from the bottom edge of the areola to the fold breast. In this case, the procedure is considered an aesthetic one and cannot be supported by Social Security. For larger volumes, especially if one wishes to correct an associated ptosis, the scar goes with a splash horizontal under the breast fold that gives with the vertical line the shape of an inverted T.
CONDITIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS
Carrying big breasts everyday is equivalent to the carriage of heavy weights daily. Back pain is one of the most frequent motifs of undergoing breast reduction along with the pain associated to the neck, shoulders and legs. In some cases, hypertrophy is unilateral and causes breast asymmetry, which can range from mild to very important giving an unsightly looking and discomfort clothing.
The gradual infiltration of fat in the breast tissue due to aging may also be a motif of seeking out breast reduction .
may be considered, depending on the degree of ptosis associated and the amount of fat to remove. Breast reduction, like almost all plastic surgeries, cannot be considered before the age of eighteen years old (18).
Similar to breast implants, a radiograph and a mammography are requested before breast reduction .
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER PROCEDURE?
Bruising and swelling are expected after the procedure; both causing difficulty in raising the arms. The latter will fade away after two (2) to three (3) weeks. The surgeon recommends the local application of ice packs on the oedematous areas for ten (10) minutes at a time to reduce deflation and discomfort.
A compression bra is prescribed for one (1) month and must be worn day and night after removing the dressing. Tiredness and loss of sensitivity are transitory and moderate pain can be relieved by analgesics. Two (2) to three (3) weeks off work must be taken. Physical activity can only be resumed after one (1) to two (2) months. The most important phase in recovery is the healing process.
The scars can become pink or red at first and then the colour will eventually normalize. Some recommend light massages with a hydrating cream two (2) weeks after surgery to smooth out the scars. Sun exposure must be avoided because scars may darken.